What is an endoscopy?
An endoscopy is often used to confirm a diagnosis when other devices, such as an MRI, X-ray, or CT scan are considered inappropriate.
The following conditions and illnesses are most commonly investigated or diagnosed with an endoscopy:
- Chronic Diarrohea
- Internal Bleeding
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Stomach Ulcers
Types of endoscopies
Here is a list of some types of endoscopies and their meanings:
- Arthroscopy - examination of joints for diagnosis and treatment.
- Colonoscopy - examination of the colon and large intestine to detect polyps, tumors, ulceration, inflammation, colitis diverticula, Chrohn's disease, and discovery and removal of foreign bodies.
- Colposcopy - examination of the cervix and the tissues of the vagina and vulva.
- Cystoscopy - examination of the urinary bladder, urethra, urinary tract, uteral orifices, and prostate (men) with insertion of the endoscope through the urethra.
- EGD (Esophageal Gastroduodenoscopy), also known as panendoscopy - examination of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum.
- ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography) - examination of the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas.
- Laparoscopy - a small incision to examine the abdominal organs including the female reproductive organs, for example, the fallopian tubes.
- Proctoscopy - examination of the rectum and sigmoid colon.
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